Diamond Pixel: the unique GS4 sub pixel arrangement

When Samsung launched the GS4, they said the Super AMOLED display uses PenTile. Back in January, it was reported that Samsung will adopt a new subpixel scheme that uses diamond sub-pixels, but up until now we didn't hear anything official from Samsung. Today the company finally did acknowledge the new design, and published two closeup photos of the GS4 display.

Diamond Pixel architecture

Diamond Pixel, as Samsung's calls their new design, is a PenTile subpixel scheme, in which there are twice as many green subpixels as there are blue and red ones. The green subpixels are oval and small while the red and blue ones are diamond-shaped and larger (the blue subpixel is slightly larger than the red one). DisplayMate says that this is because green is the most efficient (and long lasting) OLED emitter while the blue has the shortest lifetime.

According to DisplayMate, the diamond shapes were chosen to maximize the sub-pixel packing and achieve the highest possible PPI (the GS4's OLED has 441 PPI). The greens are oval because they are squeezed between the larger red and blue ones. In any case, reviews of this display has been terrific, so this design seems to be a very good one.

Posted: Apr 28,2013 by Ron Mertens


Why there are black spots on many blue sub-pixels? or is it my imagination? :p

It seems that the fill factor is only 20...25%, so there's still room for improvement, if new deposition methods just allow that.

after all, CMOS and screen work differently. in fact, sony this structure 'Q67' cause each logical pixel only contains 2/3 information a real pixel should have. despite that it only has 67% info, it still includes 3 basic colour. and with the algorithm, this structure works far better than normal bayer structure, which is used in most record-systems. But CMOS is only CMOS, it is not what u directly see, so i think this might not work for screens...

I am not sure that the deposition method is what is limiting the fill factor, I would guess the electronic contacting and probably the encapsulation is.

In the second image, is that actually one pixel or four? Because everywhere I look it says pentile has only one green and either a red or blue subpixel, but this image shows 8 subpixels instead of two, so, is that square ONE pixel, or FOUR? Thanks

Cristian - there are double the amount of green subpixels compared to red and blue. The image shows two pixels.