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Super AMOLED: introduction and basics
Samsung's Super-AMOLED displays are AMOLED displays with an integrated touch function. Samsung has placed a touch-sensor (on-cell) over the display and made it evaporate. The thickness of the touch sensor is just 0.001mm (!) this allows the screen to provide better images and to have great visibility even in direct sunlight (Samsung says that they perform 20% better than regular touch AMOLED outdoors). Super-AMOLEDs also have better lifetime than regular AMOLED and are very responsive to touch - even better than the iPhone's display. Super-AMOLED have been announced in January 2010.
Super-AMOLED use PenTile matrix
Samsung's Super-AMOLED displays use the company's Pentile matrix sub-pixel design. That means that the Green sub-pixel is shared by two pixels and the display has only 2 sub-pixels per real 'pixel' compared to the classic RGB matrix design (or Real-Stripe). You can see a PenTile matrix vs a Real-Stripe one on the images below (the PenTile is on the right):
Latest Super AMOLED displays
The latest Super AMOLED display is the Super AMOLED HD one, used in Samsung's Galaxy Note phone - this 5.3" display has HD resolution (1280x800). Samsung latest Super AMOLEDs use new materials and an updated manufacturing process to improve the resolution and efficiency of these displays.
Super-AMOLED: the best mobile touch display
This display is indeed spectacular. People who've seen it say that it's bright and crisp has unbelievable colors, perform great under sunlight and is simply 'the best display found in any phone".
Well, except maybe Samsung's own Super AMOLED Plus displays - which are basically the same as Super AMOLEDs but do not use PenTile. This means that they have 50% mor sub-pixels, but the resolution is lower than in Super AMOLED displays.
Here are a few photos showing Samsung's Wave next to a Nexus One (regular AMOLED) and to a Nokia X6 (an LCD display). The difference is showing, alright, click on the photos to see it better (the Wave phone is the top phone in both photos):
The s8500 wave
The first device to have a Super AMOLED is the s8500 Wave phone, with a 3.3" display. The phone is also the first one to run Samsung's Bada OS and have bluetooth 3.0. Other features include a 5Mp camera, 1Ghz processor, Wi-Fi, a-GPS, 2/8GB of internal memory, microSD slot and 720p video recording/encoding.
Super AMOLED explained
Here's a nice video interview with a Samsung employee that explains why Super-AMOLEDs are the best display available today for mobile phones:
Here's a video comparing the Super-AMOLED to the iPhone's LCD. You can see that the AMOLED has better contrast (black is indeed black!) and has a much better viewing angle:
Here you can see how the Super-AMOLED behaves in direct sun: it's still highly visible!
Super AMOLED Plus
In January 2011 Samsung announced their next-gen AMOLED displays called Super AMOLED Plus. The major advance is that the new displays use regular sub-pixel design and not a PenTile one - which means 50% more sub-pixels and a clearer display. Super AMOLED Plus displays are also thinner, brighter and use 18% less energy. You can read all about Super AMOLED Plus displays here.